Mina nodes are succinct by default, meaning they don't need to maintain historical information about the network, block, or transactions. For some usecases, it is useful to maintain this historical data, which you can do by running an Archive Node.
An Archive Node is just a regular mina daemon that is connected to a running archive process. The daemon will regularly send blockchain data to the archive process, which will store it in a Postgres database.
Running an archive node therefore requires some knowledge of managing a Postgres database instance. In this section, we'll set up a database, run the Archive Node, connect it to a daemon, and try some queries on the data. Let's get started by installing what we need.
Install the latest version of mina. If you haven't upgraded to the latest version of the daemon, head back to the docs to get the latest version. You can run
mina -helpto check if the installation succeeded.
Install the archive node package.
sudo apt-get install mina-archive=1.3.0-9b0369c
Below are some basic instructions on how to set up everything required to get an archive node running locally. These will be slightly different if you're connecting to a cloud instance of postgres, if your deployment uses docker, or if you want to run these processes on different machines.
Note: Some of these instructions may depend on how your operating system installs postgres (and assume that it is installed in the first place).
- Start a local postgres server. This will just run it in the foreground for testing, you will likely want to run it in the background or use your OS's service manager (like systemd) to run it for you. Alternatively, you may use a postgres service hosted by a cloud provider.
postgres -p 5432 -D /usr/local/var/postgres
For macOS, run
brew services start postgres to start a local postgres server.
- Create database (here called
archive) on server and load the schema into it. This will only need to be done the first time the archive node is set up.
createdb -h localhost -p 5432 -e archive psql -h localhost -p 5432 -d archive -f <(curl -Ls https://raw.githubusercontent.com/MinaProtocol/mina/master/src/app/archive/create_schema.sql)
- Start archive process on port 3086, connecting to the postgres database we started on port 5432 in step 1.
mina-archive run \ --postgres-uri postgres://localhost:5432/archive \ --server-port 3086
- Start the daemon, connecting it to the archive process that we just started on port 3086. If you want to connect to an archive process on another machine, you can specify a hostname as well, like
mina daemon \ ..... --archive-address 3086\
Due to a bug in the originally released archive node version 1.1.5, some early transactions may not be represented properly in your database. See here for complete instructions on migrating your archive database.
Now that we've got the archive node running, let's take a look at the tables in the database.
To list the tables in the database, you can run the
\dt command, in psql.
View the full schema of the tables here.
Below are some notable fields in each table.
This table keeps track of transactions made on the network.
... user_command_type Type of transaction being made Possible values: `'payment', 'delegation' To see a specific type of transaction, i.e. payments or creating a token, specify this field in your queries. source_id public key of the sender receiver_id public key of the receiver amount amount being sent from the sender to the receiver token ID of a token **If you are querying for different type of token transactions, specify this field.**
This table keeps track of rewards earned from snark work or block producing.
... internal_command_type represents whether the command is a `fee_transfer` from snark work or a `coinbase` reward from block producing. Use this field for information about block rewards and snark rewards (there is also an extra fee_transfer added to support sending all the transaction fees summed together to the block_creator) receiver_id public key ID of the receiver fee amount being sent from the protocol to the receiver token ID of a token **If you are querying for different type of token transactions, specify this field.**
... id parent_id ID of the previous block in the blockchain Use this field for information about block rewards and snark rewards (there is also an extra fee_transfer added to support sending all the transaction fees summed together to the block_creator) creator_id public key of the block creator
There are two join tables in the archive database, which links blocks to transactions. By linking the block table and command tables, these tables allow you to identify specific transactions within blocks.
... block_id ID of the block containing the user command user_command_id ID of the user command sequence_no 0-based order of the user command among the block transactions
... block_id ID of the block containing the internal command internal_command_id ID of the internal command sequence_no 0-based order of the internal command among the block transactions secondary_sequence_no 0-based order of a fee transfer within a coinbase internal command
Now that we've taken a look at the structure of the data, let's try a query.
Example 1: Find all blocks that have been created by your public key
SELECT * FROM blocks AS b INNER JOIN public_keys AS pk1 ON b.creator_id = pk1.id WHERE value = 'MY_PK'
Example 2: Find all payments you’ve received by your public key
SELECT * FROM user_commands AS uc JOIN blocks_user_commands AS buc ON uc.id = buc.user_command_id JOIN public_keys AS pk ON uc.receiver_id = pk.id WHERE value = 'MY_PK' AND type = 'payment'
Example 3: Find the block at height 12 on the canonical chain
WITH RECURSIVE chain AS ( (SELECT ... FROM blocks b WHERE height = (select MAX(height) from blocks) ORDER BY timestamp ASC LIMIT 1) UNION ALL SELECT ... FROM blocks b INNER JOIN chain ON b.id = chain.parent_id AND chain.id <> chain.parent_id ) SELECT ..., pk.value as creator FROM chain c INNER JOIN public_keys pk ON pk.id = c.creator_id WHERE c.height = 12
Example 3: List the counts of blocks created by each public key and sort them in descending order
SELECT p.value, COUNT(*) FROM blocks INNER JOIN public_keys AS p ON creator_id = ip.id GROUP BY p.value ORDER BY count DESC;
Example 4: List the counts of applied payments created by each public key and sort them in descending order
SELECT p.value, COUNT(*) FROM user_commands INNER JOIN public_keys AS p ON source_id = p.id WHERE status = 'applied' AND type = 'payment' GROUP BY p.value ORDER BY count DESC;