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zkApp programmability is not yet available on the Mina Mainnet, but zkApps can now be deployed on the Mina Devnet.

zkApps Overview

Terminal screenshot of zkApp CLI command line interface.

What are zkApps?

zkApps (zero knowledge apps) are Mina Protocol smart contracts powered by zero knowledge proofs, specifically using zk-SNARKs.

zkApps use an off-chain execution and mostly off-chain state model. This architecture allows for private computation and state that can be either private or public.

zkApps can perform arbitrarily-complex computations off-chain while incurring only a flat fee to send the resulting zero knowledge proof to the chain for verification of this computation. This cost saving benefit is in contrast to other blockchains that run computations on-chain and use a variable gas-fee based model.

Mina zkApp zero knowledge app architecture diagram

To learn more, see How zkApps Work.


zkApps are written in TypeScript.

TypeScript provides an easy, familiar language (JavaScript), but with type safety, making it easy to get started writing zkApps. If you're new to using TypeScript, check out this helpful 12-min introductory video TypeScript - The Basics.

To learn more, see How to Write a zkApp.

Examples of zkApps

Play around with a few example zkApps to see what's possible:

Example zkApp zero knowledge applications.
zkApps are a great fit for applications that require proof that you have a secret without revealing it to anyone.

Learn more

To learn more about developing zkApps, see how zkApps work, how to write a zkApp and zkApps for Ethereum Developers.

Try the zkApps tutorials to learn by doing!

Get help and join the community

Join the #zkapps-developers channel on Mina Protocol Discord.